1. The History of Daviess County Missouri (Kansas City, Missouri: Birdsall & Dean, 1882), 144.
2. Homer B. Splawn, letter to the author, May 19, 1995.
3. Susan Sedgewich, letter to the author, March 7, 1996.
4. Splawn letter.
6. Sedgewich letter.
7. Splawn letter; Sedgewich letter. Mayberry Splawn, John Splawn's brother, was elected wagaon master but died May 15 of cholera. Bethena was elected wagonmaster in his place.
8. A. J. Splawn, Ka-Mi-akin: Last Hero of the Yakimas (Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd., 1958), 282.
9. Splawn letter.
10. Sedgewich letter.
11. Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Washington, Idaho, and Montana 1845 - 1889. Vol. XXXI (San Francisco: The History Company, Publishers, 1890), 232; Splawn letter. See also Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 284.
12. Sister M. Alfreda Elsensohn, Pioneer Days in Idaho County, 2 vols. (Cottonwood, Idaho: The Idaho Corporation of Benedictine Sisters, 1965), 1 : 46 - 47.
13. James W. Watt, Journal of Mule Train Packing in Eastern Washington in the 1860's (Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1978), 15.
14. Splawn letter.
15. Watt, Journal, 15.
16. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 189.
17. Byron Defenback, Idaho - The Place and Its People (Chicago and New York: The American Historical Society, 1933), 277-280.
18. Mildretta Adams, Historic Silver City: The Story of the Owyhees (Homedale, Idaho: Owyhee Publishing Co., 1969), 7.
19. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 189-190.
20. Hiram T. French, History of Idaho, 3 vols. (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Comapny, 1914), 3:278.
21. James L. Huntley, Ferrbyboats in Idaho (Caldwell, idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd., 1979), 3:278.
22. Precipations records for the Boise Valley do not go back further than 1864. However, sotries from persons homesteading in the Boise valley in 1862 indicate that the Boise River experienced unusually high water during that year. Water reportedly flooded from bluff to bluff from the present site of Boise, westward to near present-day Caldwell. See "Boise River: High Water Years of the Past, "Reference Series 879 (Boise: Idaho State Historical Society, n.d.), 2 - 3. This document is based on a report by Boise River watermaster William E. Welsh dated June 26, 1944.
23. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 190-191.
24. Books about Idaho's history include Moses Splawn's account of the trip to the Basin. However, the location of the party's crossing of the Boise River is in question. All accounts pinpoint locations somewhere between Eagle and present-day Lucky Peak Dam. According to Roger Rosentreter, a geologist and botanist for the Bureau of Land Management, granite formations can be found beside Highway 21 above and across from the swimming area which lies at the base of Lucky Peak Dam. Rosentreter suggested that in 1862, the best place to cross the river was between Diversion Dam and Barber Dam because the river was a single channel, whereas the channel became braided downriver. Roger Rosentreter, telephone interview with the author, November 27, 1995. This area was the site of a ferry established in 1863 by Richard (Beaver Dick) Leigh. See Merle W. Wells, "Footnote to History: Beaver Dick Leigh, "Idaho Yesterdays" (Fall. 1995), 39/3:27-28.
25. "Sons of Idaho Mark Site of Grave of George Grimes," Idaho Daily Statesman, September 12, 1926. The article, which details the dedication of the monument for George Grimes's grave, indicates that the prospectors continued up the Boise River and followed the present-day waters of More's Creek to Granite Creek where gold was subsequently found.
26. "Grave of Gold Discover May Be Marked," Idaho Daily Statesman, June 26, 1915, reports that Grimes told his fellow miners on the day he died that he would meet his death.
27. Brigham D. Madsen, The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1985), 13.
28. Ibid., XIX, XX; see also Chapter Ten, "From Battle to Massacre."
29. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 192, 194.
30. Ibid., 194.
33. Ibid. See also "Discoverer of Boise Gold Treacherously Shot, Says Pioneer," Idaho Statsman, November 6, 1916. The article suggests that Grimes was murdered by one of his own men. This claim was made by William S. Wilson, who arrived at the Basin in the winter of 1862, after the Grimes party returned to Walla Walla with the news about the gold. Wilson accidently unearthed Grimes's unmarked grave and claimed that the bullet wounds in Grimes's chest and back were made by a samll caliber pistol. Wilson claimed that the guilty man had a power of attorney from Mrs. Grimes and that he had paid her a small sum of money for her share of her husband's claims.
34. F[lorence] Adams, Idaho City: Queen of the Gold Camps (Idaho City; n.p. 1958), 8.
35. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 195. See also Washington Statesman (Walla Walla), August 30, 1862.
36. Washington Statesman, September 13, 20, 1862; Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 196.
37. Splawn letter.
38. "New Mines," Washington Statesman, November 29, 1862.
39. Homer B. Splawn, interview with the author, August 23, 1995.
40. Splawn letter.
41. Ibid. Based on Splawn's past history as a wanderer and explorer, a more likely story is that yes, he did meet and fall in love with a young woman. But perhaps, the night before the wedding, he assessed how marriage would change his life. His free-wheeling days would be over; he would have to get a steady job in order to provide for his wife and future children. He may well have voluntarily boarded that freight train headed west, thereby jilting his fiance. Perhaps a day or so later he regretted his actions; but, fearing shame and embarrassment, he did not return to her. Sixteen years later, when he found the letter forgiving him, he was indeed overcome with grief at his loss and regret for not having gone through with the marriage.
42. "Old Prospector Has Poetic Soul," Yakima Herald. January 25, 1920.
43. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 301.
45. Splawn, Ka-mi-akin, 328-329.
46. Ibid., 307-321.
47. Splawn letter.
48. Splawn interview. "Dam Dedication Moves Pioneer," Yakima Morning Herald. June 14, 1925.
49. Splawn letter.
50. "Pioneer Killed by Auto Truck," Yakima Morning Herald, July 8, 1925.
51. Splawn letter.